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What is traumatic brain injury?

Injuries to the brain are always a serious matter. When your head is struck in some way or something happens externally to produce damage to the brain, it is considered a traumatic brain injury. These injuries can range from mild to severe. You may even have experienced a TBI if you have ever had a concussion. According to Medical News Today, TBIs account for one-third of all deaths related to injuries.

This type of injury can be caused by many things, but it is important to remember that it must be caused by something external to be considered a TBI. Falls are the main cause, but blows to the head are common too. You may sustain a brain injury by being involved in a car accident or fight, and a person who shakes a baby may cause this type of brain damage, as well. In fact, the third most common result of child abuse is TBI.

A brain injury can be mild, moderate or severe. You may have little to no lasting effects, or develop life-long complications. Common symptoms of this kind of injury include headaches, dizziness, loss of consciousness, changes in speech or mood, nausea, balance issues and memory loss. While any head injury is something to seek medical care for, signs that an injury could be life-threatening include slurred speech, numbness in legs and arms, convulsions and uncontrolled vomiting.

Treatment may include surgery and medication. However, not all TBIs result in a full recovery. You may experience lasting effects, such as changes in your brain functions that result in the loss of certain abilities, like communication and memory. You may also experience lingering issues, like seizures, double vision or tinnitus.

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